Alignment with New Jersey Core Content Curriculum
Standards, Strands, and Cumulative Progress Indicators
(to be completed by the end of Grade 8)


Investigation 2-2
Compared To What?

Students examine the need for a control group and have more experience in using a 2x2 table.  First, students learn how risks are calculated from the 2x2 table.  Students then compare the risks of disease among the exposed and unexposed groups of people.  This calculation is called a relative risk.  From the relative risk, students learn to make inferences based on the similarities or differences between two risks.

Students realize that a hypothesis can only be tested when risks of getting a disease are compared among exposed and unexposed groups.  They also learn the importance of calculating a relative risk by realizing that the same risk of getting a disease in the exposed group (for example 10%) may lead to different inferences depending on the rate of disease in the unexposed group (10%, 1%, or 40%).

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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology Careers


SCIENCE
 
Standard 5.1: Scientific Processes

All students will develop problem-solving, decision-making, and inquiry skills, reflected by formulating usable questions and hypotheses, planning experiments, conducting systematic observations, interpreting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and communicating results.

Strand A: Habits of Mind
Strand B: Inquiry and Problem Solving
 
Standard 5.3: Mathematical Applications

All students will integrate mathematics as a tool for problem-solving in science, and as a means of expressing and / or modeling scientific theories.

Strand A: Numerical Operations
Strand C: Patterns and Algebra
Strand D: Data Analysis and Probability

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HEALTH
 
Standard 2.1: Wellness

All students will learn and apply health promotion concepts and skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Personal Health
 
Standard 2.2: Integrated Skills

All students will use health-enhancing personal, interpersonal, and life skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Communication
Strand B: Decision-Making
Strand E: Leadership, Advocacy, and Service

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MATHEMATICS
 
Standard 4.1: Number and numerical operations

All students will develop number sense and will perform standard numerical operations and estimations on all types of numbers in a variety of ways.

Strand A: Number Sense
Strand B: Numerical Operations
 
Standard 4.3: Patterns and Algebra

All students will represent and analyze relationships among variable quantities and solve problems involving patterns, functions, and algebraic concepts and processes.

Strand A: Patterns and Relationships
Strand C: Modeling
Strand D: Procedures
 
Standard 4.4: Data Analysis, Probability and Discrete Mathematics

All students will develop an understanding of the concepts and techniques of data analysis, probability, and discrete mathematics, and will use them to model situations, solve problems, and analyze and draw appropriate inferences from data.

Strand A: Data Analysis (Statistics)
Strand B: Probability
Strand C: Discrete Mathematics - Systematic Listing and Counting
Strand D: Discrete Mathematics - Vertex-Edge Graphs and Algorithms
 
Standard 4.5: Mathematical Processes

All students will use mathematical processes of problem solving, communication, connections, reasoning, representations, and technology to solve problems and communicate mathematical ideas.

Strand A: Problem Solving
Strand B: Communication
Strand C: Connections
Strand D: Reasoning
Strand E: Representations
Strand F: Technology

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LANGUAGE ARTS
 
Standard 3.3: Speaking

All students will speak in clear, concise, organized language that varies in content and form for different audiences and purposes.

Strand A: Discussion
Strand B: Questioning (Inquiry) and Contributing
Strand C: Word Choice
 
Standard 3.4: Listening

All students will listen actively to information from a variety of sources in a variety of situations.

Strand A: Active Listening
Strand B: Listening Comprehension

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SOCIAL STUDIES

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TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY

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CAREER EDUCATION AND CONSUMER, FAMILY, AND LIFE SKILLS
 
Standard 9.2: Consumer, Family, and Life Skills

All students will demonstrate critical life skills in order to be functional members of society.

Strand A: Critical Thinking
Strand C: Interpersonal Communication

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