Alignment with New Jersey Core Content Curriculum
Standards, Strands, and Cumulative Progress Indicators
(to be completed by the end of Grade 8)


Investigation 2-4
Backpacks and Back Pain

Synopsis:  Students test the hypothesis that carrying a heavy backpack causes back pain.  Using a 2x2 table, students perform an in-class observational study by collecting and analyzing data from the "natural experiment" that they perform on themselves by carrying their backpacks.  This first-hand experience in conducting an observational study helps students understand procedures involved in creating definitions of an exposure and an outcome, displaying data in a 2x2 table, calculating risks, comparing risks (calculating relative risk), and making inferences.

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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology Careers


SCIENCE
 
Standard 5.1: Scientific Processes

All students will develop problem-solving, decision-making, and inquiry skills, reflected by formulating usable questions and hypotheses, planning experiments, conducting systematic observations, interpreting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and communicating results.

Strand A: Habits of Mind
Strand B: Inquiry and Problem Solving
 
Standard 5.3: Mathematical Applications

All students will integrate mathematics as a tool for problem-solving in science, and as a means of expressing and / or modeling scientific theories.

Strand A: Numerical Operations
Strand D: Data Analysis and Probability

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HEALTH
 
Standard 2.1: Wellness

All students will learn and apply health promotion concepts and skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Personal Health
Strand D: Diseases and Health Conditions
 
Standard 2.2: Integrated Skills

All students will use health-enhancing personal, interpersonal, and life skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Communication
Strand B: Decision-Making
Strand E: Leadership, Advocacy, and Service

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MATHEMATICS
 
Standard 4.1: Number and numerical operations

All students will develop number sense and will perform standard numerical operations and estimations on all types of numbers in a variety of ways.

Strand A: Number Sense
Strand B: Numerical Operations
 
Standard 4.3: Patterns and Algebra

All students will represent and analyze relationships among variable quantities and solve problems involving patterns, functions, and algebraic concepts and processes.

Strand A: Patterns and Relationships
Strand C: Modeling
Strand D: Procedures
 
Standard 4.4: Data Analysis, Probability and Discrete Mathematics

All students will develop an understanding of the concepts and techniques of data analysis, probability, and discrete mathematics, and will use them to model situations, solve problems, and analyze and draw appropriate inferences from data.

Strand A: Data Analysis (Statistics)
Strand B: Probability
Strand C: Discrete Mathematics - Systematic Listing and Counting
 
Standard 4.5: Mathematical Processes

All students will use mathematical processes of problem solving, communication, connections, reasoning, representations, and technology to solve problems and communicate mathematical ideas.

Strand A: Problem Solving
Strand B: Communication
Strand C: Connections
Strand D: Reasoning
Strand E: Representations
Strand F: Technology

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LANGUAGE ARTS
 
Standard 3.2: Writing

All students will write in clear, concise, organized language that varies in content and form for different audiences and purposes.

Strand B: Writing as a Product
Strand C: Mechanics, Spelling, and Handwriting
Strand D: Writing Forms, Audiences, and Purposes
 
Standard 3.3: Speaking

All students will speak in clear, concise, organized language that varies in content and form for different audiences and purposes.

Strand A: Discussion
Strand B: Questioning (Inquiry) and Contributing
Strand C: Word Choice
Strand D: Oral Presentation
 
Standard 3.4: Listening

All students will listen actively to information from a variety of sources in a variety of situations.

Strand A: Active Listening
Strand B: Listening Comprehension

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SOCIAL STUDIES

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TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY

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CAREER EDUCATION AND CONSUMER, FAMILY, AND LIFE SKILLS
 
Standard 9.2: Consumer, Family, and Life Skills

All students will demonstrate critical life skills in order to be functional members of society.

Strand A: Critical Thinking
Strand B: Self Management
Strand C: Interpersonal Communication
Strand D: Character Development and Ethics

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