Alignment with New Jersey Core Content Curriculum
Standards, Strands, and Cumulative Progress Indicators
(to be completed by the end of Grade 8)


Investigation 3-2
Cause

Synopsis:  Students explore the first of several explanations for finding an association: causation.  Students envision how data would be distributed in a 2x2 table for the known causal association between cigarette smoking and lung cancer.  Given that there are people who have smoked and not developed lung cancer (cell b) and there are people who have never smoked and developed lung cancer (cell c), students begin to appreciate what epidemiologists mean when they say that an exposure and an outcome are causally associated.

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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology Careers


SCIENCE
 
Standard 5.1: Scientific Processes

All students will develop problem-solving, decision-making, and inquiry skills, reflected by formulating usable questions and hypotheses, planning experiments, conducting systematic observations, interpreting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and communicating results.

Strand A: Habits of Mind
 
Standard 5.3: Mathematical Applications

All students will integrate mathematics as a tool for problem-solving in science, and as a means of expressing and / or modeling scientific theories.

Strand D: Data Analysis and Probability

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HEALTH
 
Standard 2.1: Wellness

All students will learn and apply health promotion concepts and skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Personal Health
 
Standard 2.2: Integrated Skills

All students will use health-enhancing personal, interpersonal, and life skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Communication
Strand B: Decision-Making
Strand E: Leadership, Advocacy, and Service

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MATHEMATICS
 
Standard 4.1: Number and numerical operations

All students will develop number sense and will perform standard numerical operations and estimations on all types of numbers in a variety of ways.

Strand A: Number Sense
 
Standard 4.3: Patterns and Algebra

All students will represent and analyze relationships among variable quantities and solve problems involving patterns, functions, and algebraic concepts and processes.

Strand A: Patterns and Relationships
Strand C: Modeling
 
Standard 4.4: Data Analysis, Probability and Discrete Mathematics

All students will develop an understanding of the concepts and techniques of data analysis, probability, and discrete mathematics, and will use them to model situations, solve problems, and analyze and draw appropriate inferences from data.

Strand A: Data Analysis (Statistics)
Strand B: Probability
Strand C: Discrete Mathematics - Systematic Listing and Counting
 
Standard 4.5: Mathematical Processes

All students will use mathematical processes of problem solving, communication, connections, reasoning, representations, and technology to solve problems and communicate mathematical ideas.

Strand A: Problem Solving
Strand B: Communication
Strand C: Connections
Strand D: Reasoning
Strand E: Representations

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LANGUAGE ARTS
 
Standard 3.1: Reading

All students will understand and apply the knowledge of sounds, letters, and words in written English to become independent and fluent readers, and will read a variety of materials and texts with fluency and comprehension.

Strand F: Vocabulary and Concept Development
 
Standard 3.3: Speaking

All students will speak in clear, concise, organized language that varies in content and form for different audiences and purposes.

Strand A: Discussion
Strand B: Questioning (Inquiry) and Contributing
Strand C: Word Choice
 
Standard 3.4: Listening

All students will listen actively to information from a variety of sources in a variety of situations.

Strand A: Active Listening
Strand B: Listening Comprehension
 
Standard 3.5: Viewing and Media Literacy

All students will access, view, evaluate, and respond to print, nonprint, and electronic texts and resources.

Strand B: Visual and Verbal Messages

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SOCIAL STUDIES

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TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY

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CAREER EDUCATION AND CONSUMER, FAMILY, AND LIFE SKILLS
 
Standard 9.2: Consumer, Family, and Life Skills

All students will demonstrate critical life skills in order to be functional members of society.

Strand A: Critical Thinking

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