Alignment with New Jersey Core Content Curriculum
Standards, Strands, and Cumulative Progress Indicators
(to be completed by the end of Grade 8)


Investigation 3-4
Confounding

Synopsis:  Students explore the third of five possible explanations for finding an association: confounding.  A confounder is an unobserved exposure that is both associated with an observed exposure and is an actual cause of an outcome.  Given an association between an exposure (viewing R-rated movies) and an outcome (teenage pregnancy) students learn to identify possible confounders and realize the importance of considering confounding when interpreting the results of a study.  Students then identify additional associations and possible confounders.

Return to Investigation 3-4



Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology Careers


SCIENCE
 
Standard 5.1: Scientific Processes

All students will develop problem-solving, decision-making, and inquiry skills, reflected by formulating usable questions and hypotheses, planning experiments, conducting systematic observations, interpreting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and communicating results.

Strand A: Habits of Mind

Return to Top Menu




HEALTH
 
Standard 2.1: Wellness

All students will learn and apply health promotion concepts and skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Personal Health
 
Standard 2.2: Integrated Skills

All students will use health-enhancing personal, interpersonal, and life skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Communication
Strand B: Decision-Making

Return to Top Menu




MATHEMATICS

Return to Top Menu




LANGUAGE ARTS
 
Standard 3.1: Reading

All students will understand and apply the knowledge of sounds, letters, and words in written English to become independent and fluent readers, and will read a variety of materials and texts with fluency and comprehension.

Strand F: Vocabulary and Concept Development
 
Standard 3.3: Speaking

All students will speak in clear, concise, organized language that varies in content and form for different audiences and purposes.

Strand A: Discussion
Strand B: Questioning (Inquiry) and Contributing
Strand C: Word Choice
 
Standard 3.4: Listening

All students will listen actively to information from a variety of sources in a variety of situations.

Strand A: Active Listening
Strand B: Listening Comprehension

Return to Top Menu




SOCIAL STUDIES

Return to Top Menu




TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY

Return to Top Menu




CAREER EDUCATION AND CONSUMER, FAMILY, AND LIFE SKILLS
 
Standard 9.2: Consumer, Family, and Life Skills

All students will demonstrate critical life skills in order to be functional members of society.

Strand A: Critical Thinking

Return to Top Menu