Alignment with New Jersey Core Content Curriculum
Standards, Strands, and Cumulative Progress Indicators
(to be completed by the end of Grade 8)


Investigation 3-5
Reversed Time Order

Synopsis:  Students explore the fourth of five possible explanations for finding an association: reversed time order, in which the suspected outcome actually came before the exposure.  Students consider what the four basic epidemiologic study designs can tell them about the time order of an exposure and an outcome.  Students review the results of a cross-sectional study that found an association between playing violent video games and aggressive behavior.  They realize that, given the study design, it is possible that the association was found because aggressive people like to play violent video games, and not because playing violent video games causes aggressive behavior.  Students continue to learn that causation is only one explanation for finding an association between an exposure and an outcome; that because observational studies are flawed, other explanations must also be considered, including reversed time order.

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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology Careers


SCIENCE
 
Standard 5.1: Scientific Processes

All students will develop problem-solving, decision-making, and inquiry skills, reflected by formulating usable questions and hypotheses, planning experiments, conducting systematic observations, interpreting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and communicating results.

Strand A: Habits of Mind

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HEALTH
 
Standard 2.1: Wellness

All students will learn and apply health promotion concepts and skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Personal Health
 
Standard 2.2: Integrated Skills

All students will use health-enhancing personal, interpersonal, and life skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand B: Decision-Making
Strand E: Leadership, Advocacy, and Service

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MATHEMATICS

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LANGUAGE ARTS
 
Standard 3.1: Reading

All students will understand and apply the knowledge of sounds, letters, and words in written English to become independent and fluent readers, and will read a variety of materials and texts with fluency and comprehension.

Strand A: Concepts About Print / Text
Strand F: Vocabulary and Concept Development
Strand G: Comprehension Skills and Response to Text
 
Standard 3.3: Speaking

All students will speak in clear, concise, organized language that varies in content and form for different audiences and purposes.

Strand A: Discussion
Strand B: Questioning (Inquiry) and Contributing
 
Standard 3.4: Listening

All students will listen actively to information from a variety of sources in a variety of situations.

Strand A: Active Listening
Strand B: Listening Comprehension

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SOCIAL STUDIES
 
Standard 6.1: Social Studies Skills

All students will utilize historical thinking problem solving, and research skills to maximize their understanding of civics, history, geography, and economics.

Strand A: Social Studies Skills

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TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY

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CAREER EDUCATION AND CONSUMER, FAMILY, AND LIFE SKILLS
 
Standard 9.2: Consumer, Family, and Life Skills

All students will demonstrate critical life skills in order to be functional members of society.

Strand A: Critical Thinking
Strand C: Interpersonal Communication
Strand D: Character Development and Ethics

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