Alignment with New Jersey Core Content Curriculum
Standards, Strands, and Cumulative Progress Indicators
(to be completed by the end of Grade 8)


Investigation 3-6
Selection Bias

Synopsis:  Students explore the fifth of five possible explanations for finding an association: bias.  Students critique a hypothetical study testing the hypothesis that heavy backpacks cause back pain and learn how the selection of a sample of subjects for a study can produce an association when no association exists in the overall population.  They continue to learn that causation is only one explanation for finding an association between an exposure and an outcome; that because observational studies are flawed, other explanations must also be considered, including selection bias.

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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology Careers


SCIENCE
 
Standard 5.1: Scientific Processes

All students will develop problem-solving, decision-making, and inquiry skills, reflected by formulating usable questions and hypotheses, planning experiments, conducting systematic observations, interpreting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and communicating results.

Strand A: Habits of Mind
 
Standard 5.3: Mathematical Applications

All students will integrate mathematics as a tool for problem-solving in science, and as a means of expressing and / or modeling scientific theories.

Strand A: Numerical Operations

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HEALTH
 
Standard 2.1: Wellness

All students will learn and apply health promotion concepts and skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand A: Personal Health
 
Standard 2.2: Integrated Skills

All students will use health-enhancing personal, interpersonal, and life skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.

Strand B: Decision-Making
Strand E: Leadership, Advocacy, and Service

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MATHEMATICS
 
Standard 4.5: Mathematical Processes

All students will use mathematical processes of problem solving, communication, connections, reasoning, representations, and technology to solve problems and communicate mathematical ideas.

Strand C: Connections
Strand D: Reasoning

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LANGUAGE ARTS
 
Standard 3.3: Speaking

All students will speak in clear, concise, organized language that varies in content and form for different audiences and purposes.

Strand A: Discussion
Strand B: Questioning (Inquiry) and Contributing
Strand C: Word Choice
 
Standard 3.4: Listening

All students will listen actively to information from a variety of sources in a variety of situations.

Strand A: Active Listening
Strand B: Listening Comprehension

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SOCIAL STUDIES

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TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY

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CAREER EDUCATION AND CONSUMER, FAMILY, AND LIFE SKILLS
 
Standard 9.2: Consumer, Family, and Life Skills

All students will demonstrate critical life skills in order to be functional members of society.

Strand A: Critical Thinking
Strand C: Interpersonal Communication
Strand D: Character Development and Ethics

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