Alignment with National Content Curriculum Standards


Investigation 3-6
Selection Bias

Synopsis:  Students explore the fifth of five possible explanations for finding an association: bias.  Students critique a hypothetical study testing the hypothesis that heavy backpacks cause back pain and learn how the selection of a sample of subjects for a study can produce an association when no association exists in the overall population.  They continue to learn that causation is only one explanation for finding an association between an exposure and an outcome; that because observational studies are flawed, other explanations must also be considered, including selection bias.

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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology


SCIENCE
 
Unifying Concepts and Processes K-12

Conceptual and procedural schemes unify science disciplines and provide students with powerful ideas to help them understand the natural world. Because of the underlying principles embodied in this standard, the understandings and abilities described here are repeated in the other content standards.

 
As a result of activities in grades K - 12, all students should develop:
1: Science as Inquiry

Inquiry requires that students combine processes and scientific knowledge as they use scientific reasoning and critical thinking to develop their understanding of science. Engaging students in inquiry helps students develop an understanding of scientific concepts, an appreciation of "how we know" what we know in science, an understanding of the nature of science, the skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world, and the dispositions to use the skills, abilities, and attitudes associated with science.

 
6: Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

An important purpose of science education is to give students a means to understand and act on personal and social issues. The science in personal and social perspectives standards help students develop decision-making skills.


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HEALTH
 
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
4: Influences on Health

Students will analyze the influence of culture, media, technology, and other factors on health.

 
7: Health Advocacy

Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.


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MATHEMATICS

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LANGUAGE ARTS
 
Grades K - 12
4: Communication Skills

Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

 
7: Evaluating Data

Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and nonprint texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.

 
12: Applying Language Skills

Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information).


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SOCIAL STUDIES

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TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY

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