Alignment with National Content Curriculum Standards

Investigation 5-2
How to Evaluate

Synopsis:  Students learn that the same epidemiologic study designs that they used to test hypotheses can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of a risk management strategy.  Students consider different study designs and practice choosing the appropriate design for a specific evaluation.

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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.

Science Health Mathematics Language Arts Social Studies Technology

Unifying Concepts and Processes K-12

Conceptual and procedural schemes unify science disciplines and provide students with powerful ideas to help them understand the natural world. Because of the underlying principles embodied in this standard, the understandings and abilities described here are repeated in the other content standards.

As a result of activities in grades K - 12, all students should develop:
1: Science as Inquiry

Inquiry requires that students combine processes and scientific knowledge as they use scientific reasoning and critical thinking to develop their understanding of science. Engaging students in inquiry helps students develop an understanding of scientific concepts, an appreciation of "how we know" what we know in science, an understanding of the nature of science, the skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world, and the dispositions to use the skills, abilities, and attitudes associated with science.

6: Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

An important purpose of science education is to give students a means to understand and act on personal and social issues. The science in personal and social perspectives standards help students develop decision-making skills.

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By the end of Grade 8, students will:
1: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention.

2: Health Information, Products and Services

Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid health information and health-promoting products and services.

4: Influences on Health

Students will analyze the influence of culture, media, technology, and other factors on health.

7: Health Advocacy

Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.

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In grades 6-8, all students should:
1. Numbers and Operations

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.

Understand meanings of operations and how they relate to one another.

Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates.

5. Data Analysis and Probability

Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data.

Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data.

Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data.

Understand and apply basic concepts of probability.

Instructional programs from pre-kindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to:
1. Problem Solving

Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving.

Solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts.

Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems.

Monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.

3. Communication

Organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through communication.

Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.

Analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others.

Use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely.

4. Connections

Recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas.

Understand how mathematical ideas interconnect and build on one another to produce a coherent whole.

Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.

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Grades K - 12
1: Reading for Perspective

Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works.

3: Evaluation Strategies

Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).

7: Evaluating Data

Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and nonprint texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.

12: Applying Language Skills

Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information).

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