Investigation 55
Concept Connections
Synopsis: Students identify the important concepts and how those concepts relate to each other, in order to answer the Essential Question: "Did the disease prevention strategy work?" To do so, students learn to draw a Concept Map that depicts and explains how the concepts connect to each other. At the conclusion of the investigation, students realize that they have developed the epidemiologic Enduring Understanding that the Module 5 investigations were designed to achieve: "The effectiveness of the strategy can be evaluated by making and comparing rates of disease in populations of people who were and were not exposed to the strategy. Costs, offsetting effects, and alternative strategies must also be considered." 
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Note: Click on one of the seven fields below to move to the standards of that discipline.
Science  Health  Mathematics  Language Arts  Social Studies  Technology 
SCIENCE  
Unifying Concepts and Processes K12  
Conceptual and procedural schemes unify science disciplines and provide students with powerful ideas to help them understand the natural world. Because of the underlying principles embodied in this standard, the understandings and abilities described here are repeated in the other content standards. 

As a result of activities in grades K  12, all students should develop:  
1: Science as Inquiry  
Inquiry requires that students combine processes and scientific knowledge as they use scientific reasoning and critical thinking to develop their understanding of science. Engaging students in inquiry helps students develop an understanding of scientific concepts, an appreciation of "how we know" what we know in science, an understanding of the nature of science, the skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world, and the dispositions to use the skills, abilities, and attitudes associated with science. 

3: Life Science  
The standards for life science describe the subject matter that focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use. 

6: Science in Personal and Social Perspectives  
An important purpose of science education is to give students a means to understand and act on personal and social issues. The science in personal and social perspectives standards help students develop decisionmaking skills. 
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HEALTH  
By the end of Grade 8, students will:  
1: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention  
Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention.


4: Influences on Health  
Students will analyze the influence of culture, media, technology, and other factors on health.

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MATHEMATICS  
In grades 68, all students should:  
4. Measurements  
Understand measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and processes of measurement. 

Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine measurements. 

5. Data Analysis and Probability  
Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data. 

Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data. 

Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data. 

Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to:  
2. Reasoning and Proof  
Develop and evaluate mathematical arguments and proofs. 

3. Communication  
Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others. 

Use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely. 

4. Connections  
Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics. 

5. Representation  
Create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas. 
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LANGUAGE ARTS  
Grades K  12  
11: Participating in Society  
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities. 

12: Applying Language Skills  
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information). 
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SOCIAL STUDIES  
Grades 5  8  
Civics  
5: Roles of Citizens  
What are the roles of the citizen in American democracy? 

Economics  
2: Marginal Cost / Benefit  
Effective decisionmaking requires comparing the additional costs of alternatives with the additional benefits. Most choices involve doing a little more or a little less of something: few choices are "all or nothing" decisions. 

As a result of activities in grades K12, all students should:  
Geography  
5: Environment and Society  
Understand how human actions modify the physical environment. 
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TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY 
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