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    Scientific Inquiry
    Scientific Literacy
    Enduring
    Understandings
    Attitudes Toward
    Science Inventory
    Knowledge of
    Epidemiology
 
 


Enduring Understandings

Directions: Please read each statement carefully. Using the following scale, fill in the circle on the answer sheet that best describes how well you understand that aspect of science.


1.
DEFINITELY
UNDERSTAND

2.
PROBABLY
UNDERSTAND

3.
NOT
SURE

4.
PROBABLY
DO NOT
UNDERSTAND

5.
DEFINITELY
DO NOT
UNDERSTAND



1.

Clues for formulating hypotheses can be found by describing the way a disease is distributed in a population of people, in terms of person, place and time.

2.

Causal hypotheses can be tested by observing exposures and diseases of people as they go about their daily lives. Information from these observational studies can be used to make and compare rates and identify associations.

3.

Causation is only one explanation for finding an association between an exposure and a disease. Because observational studies are flawed, other explanations must also be considered.

4.

When a causal association has been identified, decisions about possible disease prevention strategies are based on more than the scientific evidence. Given competing values, social, economic, and political factors must also be considered.

5.

The effectiveness of a strategy can be evaluated by making and comparing rates of disease in populations of people who were and were not exposed to the strategy. Costs, trade-offs and alternative strategies must also be considered.