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A Bibliography on Avatara


Contributed by Rembert Lutjeharms, Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies

Biardeau, Madeleine 1994:  Études de mythologie hindoue, tome II:
bhakti et avatāra (Pondichéry: EFEO).

  Coleman, Tracy. "Avatara" entry on Oxford Bibliographies Online: Hinduism.

  Couture, André 2001:  "From Viṣṇu’s Deeds to Viṣṇu’s Play, or
Observations on the Word Avatāra as a Designation for the
Manifestations of Viṣṇu", JIPh 29: 313-26.

Couture, André 2010:  "Avatāra",  in Jacobsen, Knut A., ed. 2009-  :
Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism (5 vols) II, 701-05.

Daniel E. Bassuk, Incarnation in Hinduism and Christianity: The Myth
of the God-Man. Atlantic Heights: Humanities Press, 1987.

De, S.K., "The doctrine of avatara (incarnation) in Bengal
Vaisnavism", in "S. Kuppuswami Sastri Commemoration Volume (Madras: by
the committee, 1936), 25-37.

Gail, Adalbert J. 1969:  "Buddha als Avatāra Viṣṇus im Spiegel der
Purāṇas", ZDMG Supplement 1 (17. DOT, Würzburg): 917-23 (Wiesbaden:
Franz Steiner).

González-Reimann, Luis. 2006. The Divinity of Rāma in the Rāmāyaṇa of
Vālmīki. Journal of Indian Philosophy 34, no. 3: 203-20.

González-Reimann, Luis. 2006. Viṣṇu As a Fish: the Growth of a Story
 From the Brāhmaṇas to the Purāṇas. Journal of Vaiṣṇava Studies 15, no.
1: 221-37.

Granoff, Phyllis. 2004. "Saving the Saviour: Śiva and the Vaiṣṇava
Avatāras in the Early Skandapurāṇa." In Origin and Growth of the Purāṇic
Corpus, with Special Reference to the Skandapurāṇa, edited by Hans T.
Bakker. Papers of the 12th World Sanskrit Conference, Vol. 3.2, 111-38.
Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Hacker, Paul 1960 (1):  "Zur Entwicklung der Avatāralehre",  WZKSO 4:
47-70, repr. in Hacker 1978 (2): 404-27.

Jacobsen, Knut. "Kapila: Founder of Samkhya and Avatara of Vishnu."
OrientaliaSuecana vol 47 (1998): 69-85. Also, the book by the same
title, published by Munshiram, 2008.

Jaini, Padmanabh S. "Jina Ṛṣabha as an 'Avatāra' of Viṣṇu." BSOAS 40.2
(1977): 321-37.

Lipner, Julius 1996 (2):  "Avatāra and Incarnation?", in Re-visioning
India’s Religious Traditions: essays in honour of Eric Lott (Delhi:
I.S.P.C.K.): 127-43.

Magnone, Paolo 2002:  "Paraśurāma’s Rise to Avatārahood: a glimpse of
early avatāra-theology", Istituto Lombardo (Rend. lett.) 136.2:

Matchett, Freda 2001:  Kṛṣṇa: Lord or Avatāra? the relationship
between Kṛṣṇa and Viṣṇu in the context of the avatāra myth as
presented by the Harivaṃśa, the Viṣṇupurāṇa and the Bhāgavatapurāṇa
(Richmond: Curzon).

Nayar, Kamala Elizabeth. 2004. Hayagrīva in South India: Complexity and
Selectivity of a Pan-Indian Hindu Deity. Leiden: Brill.

Geoffrey Parrinder's _Avatar and Incarnation: A comparison of Indian
and Christian beliefs_ (OUP, NY, 1982)

Rigopoulos, Antonio. 1998. Dattātreya: the Immortal Guru, Yogin, and
Avatāra: a Study of the Transformative and Inclusive Character of a
Multi-Faceted Hindu Deity. SUNY Series in Religious Studies. Albany:
State University of New York Press.

Saindon, Marcelle 2004:  "Le Buddha comme avatāra de Viṣṇu et le mythe
de Raji", IIJ 47: 17 44.

Saindon, Marcelle 2004-05:  "Quand Kṛṣṇa Dvaipāyana Vyāsa est
considéré comme un avatāra de Viṣṇu", BEI 22-23: 307-21.

Saindon, Marcelle 2005:  "Pṛthu considéré comme un avatāra de Viṣṇu",
JA 293.2: 529-57.

Schmid, Charlotte 1999:  "Représentations anciennes de Kṛṣṇa luttant
contre le cheval Keśin sur des haltères: l’avatāra de Viṣnu et le
dieu du Mahābhārata’, BEFEO 86: 65-104.

Soifer, Deborah A. 1991:The Myths of Narasimha and Vamana: Two Avatars
in Cosmological Perspective, SUNY Press.

Somany, Ganga. 2004. Vishnu and His Avatars. New Delhi: Bookwise,
distribution for India and Nepal by Variety Book Depot. [good illustrations]



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Revised: August 31, 2012