Bibliography on Religious Nationalism in South Asia
Compiled by Neelima Shukla-Bhatt
by Lochtefeld, Smith and Juergensmeyer in vol.
Ludden, Contesting the Nation (alternately titled Making India Hindu) Uni. of Pennsylvania, 1996.
Basu and Atul Kohli, Community
Conflicts and the State in India, Delhi: OUP, 1998.
Kumar, The Present in Delhi's Pasts,
(Three Essays, Delhi, 2003). The book shows how places, archeological
sites, and neighborhoods in Delhi have been affected and effaced by
various forces associated with religious communalism, and in turn how
history associated with places has been rewritten to suit a Hindu
Sarkar et al, Khaki Shorts and
Gyanendra. "In Defense of the Fragment: Writing about Hindu-Muslim
Riots in India Today," Representations, Winter 1992, 37: 27-55. Also
in Subaltern Studies Reader, 1986-1995.
Ranajit Guha, editor. Minneapolis:
University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
describing a particularly chilling and brutal "riot" in
Bhagalpur, Bihar, Pandey asks as a historian "How do we write
histories of violence?" and questions the sources used for history.
A member of an investgating team that went to Bhagalpur not long
after the events, he shows how records were systematically expunged and
stories of different groups formulated quickly to exculpate everyone
concerned. He uses poetry
written during the attacks as a source.
the Ayodhya - Ramjanmabhumi - Babri Masjid episode, two excellent and
accessible articles that focus on the manipulation of
Kapur. "Deity to
Crusader: The Changing Iconography of Ram," in
Hindus and Others: The
Question of Identity in India Today, ed. Gyandndra Pandey. New Delhi:
Viking/Penguin India, 1993.
Richard Davis. "The
Iconography of Ram's Chariot." In Contesting the nation : religion,
community, and the politics of democracy in India / edited by David Ludden.
Imprint: Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.
the Hindu side,
Savarkar, “Hindutva”, 1923
Swami Shraddhananda (an Arya Samaj leader), "Hindu Sangathan,
Deendayal Upadhyaya, "Integral Humanism" (1965)
Abhas Kumar Chatterjee, (a non-Sangh author), "Concept of Hindu
Nation" (1995). Very informative for the broader Hindu nationalist
Girilal Jain, "The Hindu Phenomenon" by, 1994.
Shrikant Talageri's contribution, Voice of India's "Sita Ram Goel
Commemoration Volume". The best-informed Hindu critique of the Sangh
Parivar's performance, particularly of the BJP governments. Due out in
Shrikant Talageri’s and Shreerang Godbole’s contributions to Time
for Stocktaking: Whither Sangh Parivar? edited by S.R. Goel, 1997. Earlier
inside criticism of the Sangh. In those papers, you can see the failures
of the BJP governments predicted, a feat not managed by most of the
S.V.R. Nasr, “Islam, the State and the Rise of Sectarian Militancy in Pakistan,” in Pakistan: Nationalism Without a Nation, ed. Christoffe Jaffrelot, 85-114. This article discusses the rise of Islamic sectarian movements in Pakistan since the late 1970s, paying particular attention to the role of the state and the international context in fostering them.
Rahim, “Bengali Muslims and Islamic Fundamentalism: the Jama't-i-Islami
in Bangladesh,” in Understanding
the Bengal Muslims: Interpretative Essays, ed., Rafiuddin Ahmad.
This is an excellent essay on the role of the Jama't in
Bangladesh's freedom movement, and its subsequent rise to prominence.
Abeysekara, "The Saffron
Army, Violence and Terror(ism)" addresses notions of
nationalism,religion, and violence. It is a bit longer than 20 pages (42
pages excluding the endnotes).
and Religious Nationalism (India,
Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka)
Jeffery / Amrita Basu (eds.), Resisting
the Sacred and the Secular. Women's Activism and Politicized Religion in
South Asia, Delhi: Kali for Women, 1999.
Revised: December 23, 2004