Bibilography on Sakhya
Compiled by John Cort
1. There is a wonderful book called "Preyo
Bhakti Rasaarnava," which basically consists of Bengali poetry with
numerous Sanskrit quotations, written by one Nayananda Thakur in 1731 CE.
It is a detailed theological account of Krishna's relation to the cowherds
of Vraja, ala Gaudiya Vaisnavism.
2. There's a (very) brief discussion of sakhya (with equally brief
examples from Ramprasad Sen's poetry) in Julius Lipner's "Hindus:
Their Beliefs and Practices". It's part of a longer discussion of
bhakti types, models and themes (pp. 307-324).
3. See David Haberman's translation of _The Bhaktirasamrtasindhu of Rupa
Gosvamin_ (New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts; Delhi:
Motilal Banarsidass, 2003). Rupa speaks in great detail in this
famous work about sakhya and srngara rasas, as well as the other rasas.
4. Chapters 2, 8 and 14 of Ujjvala-nilamani by Rupa Goswami contain
relevant material to your interest.
Chapter 2 is the section on "nayaka-sahaya". Chapter 8 is called
"sakhi-prakaranam." Chapter 14 is about "sthayi-bhavas",
but in its definition of "pranaya" adds the element of
friendship to other elements of passionate love as a step in the deepening
This friendship is of four kinds--maitram, sakhyam, sumaitram and
Chapters 2 and 8 (with three commentaries), as well as Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu
(mula-matram) are available in transliterated Sanskrit form at http://www.granthamandira.org.
Revised: November 23, 2004