Geoscience Major with Teacher Certification in Earth Science (Preschool-Grade 12) (B.S.) - Undergraduate - 2013 University Catalog

You are viewing the 2013 University Catalog. Please see the newest version of the University Catalog for the most current version of this program's requirements.

Students who wish to pursue P-12 teacher certification in Earth Science must apply to and be admitted to the Teacher Education Program. Please visit the Teacher Education Program Web site for the required professional sequence of courses and other important Program requirements, guidelines, and procedures. Students are strongly advised to review the Teacher Education Program Handbook. The course PHED 401 The Teaching of Science in Secondary Schools is the departmental requirement.

A minimum of 120 semester hours of coursework is required for the baccalaureate degree with a minimum 2.0 overall GPA, and a minimum 2.0 major GPA. However, more than 120 semester hours may be required depending upon the major field of study. In addition to the major requirement outlined below, all university students must fulfill the set of General Education requirements applicable to their degree.


GEOSCIENCE MAJOR

Complete 65 semester hours including the following 6 requirement(s):

  1. REQUIRED COURSES

    Complete the following 7 courses for 27 semester hours:

    EAES 105 Physical Geology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    EAES 220 Mineralogy (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    EAES 240 Historical Geology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    EAES 302 Structural Geology (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 3
    EAES 320 Igneous & Metamorphic Petrology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    EAES 342 Invertebrate Paleobiology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    EAES 441 Stratigraphy (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
  2. COLLATERAL CHEMISTRY COURSES

    Complete the following 2 courses for 8 semester hours:

    CHEM 120 General Chemistry I (3 hours lecture, 3 hours lab) 4
    CHEM 121 General Chemistry II (3 hours lecture, 3 hours lab) 4
  3. COLLATERAL MATH COURSES

    Complete 1 of the following sequences:

    1. MATH SEQUENCE A

      Complete the following 2 courses for 7 semester hours:

      MATH 112 Precalculus Mathematics (3 hours lecture) 3
      MATH 116 Calculus A (4 hours lecture) 4
    2. MATH SEQUENCE B

      Complete the following 2 courses for 8 semester hours:

      MATH 122 Calculus I (4 hours lecture) 4
      MATH 221 Calculus II (4 hours lecture) 4
  4. COLLATERAL PHYSICS COURSES

    Complete 1 of the following sequences:

    1. PHYSICS SEQUENCE A

      Complete the following 2 courses for 8 semester hours:

      PHYS 191 University Physics I (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
      PHYS 192 University Physics II (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    2. PHYSICS SEQUENCE B

      Complete the following 2 courses for 8 semester hours:

      PHYS 193 College Physics I (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
      PHYS 194 College Physics II (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
  5. COLLATERAL BIOLOGY COURSES

    Complete 1 course from the following for 4 semester hours:

    BIOL 112 Principles of Biology I (3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory) 4
    BIOL 113 Principles of Biology II (3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory) 4
  6. MAJOR ELECTIVES

    Complete 11 semester hours from the following:

    1. METEOROLOGY

      Complete 1 course from the following:

      EAES 201 Understanding Weather and Climate (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
      EAES 301 Climatology (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 403 Meteorology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    2. ASTRONOMY

      Complete 1 course from the following:

      PHYS 180 Descriptive Astronomy (3 hours lecture) 3
      PHYS 280 Astronomy (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
    3. OCEANOGRAPHY

      Complete 1 course from the following:

      EAES 150 General Oceanography (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 250 Introduction to Marine Sciences (3 hours lecture, 3 hours lab) 4
      EAES 350 Oceanography (3 hours lecture) 3
    4. ADDITIONAL ELECTIVES

      Additional credits may be needed to reach a total of 11 elective credits. Select from the following:

      EAES 200 Geomorphology (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 204 Geology Field Trip 1
      EAES 210 Introduction to GIS and Remote Sensing (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 3
      EAES 211 Aerial Photograph Interpretation (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 3
      EAES 212 Map Reading and Cartography (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
      EAES 230 Hydrology (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 310 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) (3 hours lab) 3
      EAES 311 Fundamentals of Remote Sensing of Environment (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 321 Economic Geology (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 322 Environmental Geochemistry (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 3
      EAES 330 Fluvial Geography (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 331 Geohydrology (3 hours lecture) 3
      EAES 340 Sedimentology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 4
      EAES 341 Principles of Soil Science (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 3
      EAES 404 Field Geology (4 hours lecture, 6 hours lab) 6
      EAES 454 Human Impact on the Coastal Zone 4
      EAES 470 The Geology of New Jersey (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab) 3
      EAES 494 Independent Study in Geoscience 1-4
      EAES 498 Seminar in Geoscience (2 hours seminar) 2
      EAES 499 Selected Topics in Earth & Environmental Studies 1-4

Course Descriptions:

BIOL112: Principles of Biology I (3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory)

Principles of Biology I involves the study of life from molecule to multicellular organism with focus on structure and function of cells, mechanisms of heredity and change, and the ways in which these processes shape higher levels of biological organization. This course is designed to fulfill the first core course requirement of the biology major. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 100 or a satisfactory score on the Math department's precalculus readiness test.

BIOL113: Principles of Biology II (3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory)

Principles of Biology II will provide an introductory level study of biodiversity and the origins of life, phylogenetic relationships among organisms, genetics, developmental biology, reproduction, the biology of populations and communities, and ecosystem processes. Meets Gen Ed 2002 - Interdisciplinary Core, Scientific Issues. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 100 or a satisfactory score on the Math department's precalculus readiness test.

CHEM120: General Chemistry I (3 hours lecture, 3 hours lab)

Introductory lecture and laboratory course for science majors, prerequisite for all advanced chemistry courses. Introduction to atomic and molecular structure, bonding, stoichiometry, states of matter, solutions, and selected topics in descriptive inorganic chemistry. Laboratory stresses techniques and data treatment and their use in examining chemical systems. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: Satisfactory score on the Mathematics readiness test OR a grade of C- or better in MATH 100 or MATH 111 or MATH 112 or MATH 116 or MATH 122 or MATH 221 or MATH 222. Satisfactory score on the Chemistry readiness test OR a grade of C- or better in CHEM 105 or CHEM 106 or CHEM 113.

CHEM121: General Chemistry II (3 hours lecture, 3 hours lab)

Introductory lecture and laboratory course for science majors, prerequisite for all advanced chemistry courses. Introduction to thermochemistry, kinetics; general acid base, precipitation, redox equilibria, electrochemistry and selected topics in descriptive inorganic chemistry. Laboratory stresses techniques and data treatment and their use in examining chemical systems. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: CHEM 120 with a grade of C- or better.

EAES105: Physical Geology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Materials of the earth; landforms and structures; the processes and agents responsible for their formation and modification. Modern tectonic concepts. Topographic and geologic maps. Required field trips. Not open to students who have had Principles of Geology. Meets Gen Ed 2002 - Natural/Physical Science Laboratory. Previous course GEOS 112 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

EAES150: General Oceanography (3 hours lecture)

A general study of the oceans and methods of modern oceanography including the physical, chemical, geological, and biological aspects of the oceans and their interrelationships. This course is designed for non-science majors. Meets Gen Ed 2002 - Interdisciplinary Core, Scientific Issues. Previous course GEOS 162 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

EAES200: Geomorphology (3 hours lecture)

Major controls of climate and the landforms of North America are analyzed in order to gain an understanding of how the continent compares and is related to the rest of the world. The basis and distinct characteristics of the subdivisions of North America are examined in order to bring out contrasts and unique features within the continent. Previous course GEOS 254 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 100, EAES 101, EAES 105 or EAES 107.

EAES201: Understanding Weather and Climate (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Presents a basic understanding of the dynamic atmosphere and explores the impacts that weather and climate have on humans and the biosphere. Basic physical laws of energy and motion are employed to explain temperature, precipitation, atmospheric circulation, storms, and how climates vary regionally. Connections are made toward management of weather hazards, air pollution, impacts on agriculture and economy, and environmental and social implications of climate change. Lectures are supplemented by current events discussions and hands-on exercises in lab sections. Meets Gen Ed 2002 - Natural/Physical Science Laboratory. Previous course GEOS 257 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: GNED 199, ENWR 105 or HONP 100 may be taken as prerequisite or corequisite.

EAES204: Geology Field Trip

A five-day to one-week trip through areas of geologic significance. A geoscience major is expected to participate in at least two of the trips. Field trip report and collection required. Expenses shared by the participants. Previous course GEOS 484 effective through Spring 2012. 1 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 100, EAES 101, EAES 105, EAES 107 or departmental approval.

EAES210: Introduction to GIS and Remote Sensing (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Introduces the basic principles of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing. Focus on digital cartographic science, graphic design, spatial data and image portrayal and inquiry, map overlays, and applications. Previous course EUGS 270 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: CMPT 183, EAES 100, EAES 101, EAES 105, EAES 107, EAES 160, EAES 161 or EAES 170.

EAES211: Aerial Photograph Interpretation (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Principles of photogrammetry and the use of aerial photographs as a significant research method to recognize and evaluate earth environments and resources. Previous course GEOS 251 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 100, EAES 101, EAES 105, EAES 107, EAES 160, EAES 161 or EAES 170.

EAES212: Map Reading and Cartography (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

This course is designed to acquaint students with the characteristics of map computation, design and construction. Historical development of mapping and map reading will be important areas of emphasis. Remote sensing, computer mapping will provide up-to-date procedures. Each student will work toward a map suitable for commercial publication. Previous course GEOS 250 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 100, EAES 101, EAES 105, EAES 107, EAES 160, EAES 161 or EAES 170.

EAES220: Mineralogy (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Crystallography, internal structure, origin, occurrence, and properties of minerals, laboratory study of common minerals. Required field trips. Previous course GEOS 443 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 101, EAES 105 or EAES 107; and CHEM 120 may be taken as a prerequisite or corequisite.

EAES230: Hydrology (3 hours lecture)

Water, its availability, distribution and usefulness. Hydrologic cycle examined in detail. Interaction with man and his usage. Applications to models and systematic processes. Previous courses ENVR 252 and GEOS 252 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 100, EAES 101, EAES 105 or EAES 107.

EAES240: Historical Geology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Geological history of the earth; the evolution of North America in terms of the changing geography, climate, and plant and animal life as interpreted from the rock and fossil record. Required field trips. Meets Gen Ed 2002 - Natural/Physical Science Laboratory. Previous course GEOS 114 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 101, EAES 105, EAES 107 or EAES 250.

EAES250: Introduction to Marine Sciences (3 hours lecture, 3 hours lab)

A general study of the marine sciences, including origin and evolution of the oceans, physical and chemical properties of seawater, marine life, oceanic circulation, atmospheric-ocean exchange and other processes that take place in the oceans. This course also deals with marine resources and human interaction with the marine environment. Field trips required. May be taught off-campus at the NJ Marine Sciences Consortium in the summer. Meets Gen Ed 2002 - Natural/Physical Science Laboratory. Cross listed with Earth and Environmental Studies, PHMS 250. Previous course PHMS 210 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: GNED 199, ENWR 105 or HONP 100 may be taken as a prerequisite or corequisite.

EAES301: Climatology (3 hours lecture)

Basic climate elements examined in terms of their influence on habitats and various aspects of human activities. The energy flux between atmosphere and biosphere affords a fundamental understanding of limitations in ecosystems development. Knowledge and climatic influences on health, clothing, human comfort, architecture, commerce and industry encourages the student to investigate new ways of living rationally within a climatic environment. Previous course GEOS 201 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 201.

EAES302: Structural Geology (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Recognition and interpretation of primary and tectonic rock structures laboratory work emphasizes the analysis of faults, joints, folds and foliation. Required field trips. Previous course GEOS 472 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 200, EAES 220 or EAES 240.

EAES310: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) (3 hours lab)

This course deals with fundamental principles and applications of GIS. Various ways in which GIS can be used in planning and management analysis and research will be discussed. Students will learn the issues which need to be considered when planning and implementing GIS. One or two widely used software packages will be employed as a tool to study GIS applications. Previous courses GEOS 470 and EUGS 470 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 210.

EAES311: Fundamentals of Remote Sensing of Environment (3 hours lecture)

Systematic study of multiband spectral reconnaissance of the environment; multifrequency radar systems and their uses. Previous courses GEOS 455 and ENVR 455 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 210.

EAES320: Igneous & Metamorphic Petrology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Description, identification, classification, origin and occurrence of sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory study of the common rocks. Required field trips. Meets the University Writing Requirement for majors in Geoscience. Previous course GEOS 444 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 220.

EAES321: Economic Geology (3 hours lecture)

Geology and geography of non-metallic and metallic mineral resources and fuels. Problems associated with their occurrence and exploitation. Required field trips. (Not given every year.) Previous course GEOS 310 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 220.

EAES322: Environmental Geochemistry (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Chemical principles and methods applied to the study of interactions among lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere. Topics such as water pollution, waste disposal and human impact on global geochemical cycles will be discussed. Laboratory will stress the measurement of chemical properties related to water and soil quality as well as computer modeling of chemical transport in porous media. Previous course GEOS 454 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 220 or CHEM 230.

EAES330: Fluvial Geography (3 hours lecture)

Detailed study of streams and rivers emphasizing processes causing variations of size and shape; the morphology of streams and stream channels; processes, quantitative techniques. Previous courses GEOS 352 and EUGS 352 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 200 or EAES 230 or departmental approval.

EAES331: Geohydrology (3 hours lecture)

The study of ground water with particular emphasis given to its mode of migration, chemistry and relation to the geographic environment. Particular attention is given to Darcy's law, soil porosity, soil permeability and the ability to withdraw water for human consumption. Water pollutants and salt water incursions are investigated. Spatial distributions are analyzed and the processes examined. Previous course GEOS 452 and ENVR 452 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 200, EAES 230 or EAES 240.

EAES340: Sedimentology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Geological processes and agents which form, transport, deposit, consolidate and alter sediments. Interpretation of the resultant sedimentary rocks. Laboratory work on the texture, mineralogy and mass properties of sedimentary particles. Required field trips. (Not offered every year.) Previous course GEOS 437 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 200, EAES 220, EAES 230, EAES 240 and EAES 250.

EAES341: Principles of Soil Science (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Origin, composition, properties and classification of soils. Additional topics include water in soils and human impact on soil resources. Laboratory covers the measurement of soil properties and principles of soil mapping and soil resource assessment. Field trips are required. Previous course GEOS 450 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: ANTH 270, ANTH 360, ANTH 370, BIOL 213, CHEM 230, EAES 200, EAES 220, EAES 230 or EAES 240.

EAES342: Invertebrate Paleobiology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Invertebrate fossils-their classification, morphology, evolution, stratigraphic distribution and paleoecology. Required field trips. Previous course GEOS 431 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 240, BIOL 213 or BIMS 220.

EAES350: Oceanography (3 hours lecture)

Study of the physical and chemical properties of sea water, oceanic circulation, waves and tides, and estuarine and shoreline processes. May be taught off-campus at the NJ Marine Sciences Consortium in the summer. Cross listed with Earth and Environmental Studies, PHMS 350. Previous course GEOS 360 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 240, EAES 250, PHMS 250 or departmental approval.

EAES403: Meteorology (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

The characteristics of the earth's atmosphere. Meteorological instruments, principles of atmospheric physics, weather patterns and measurements of changes within the atmosphere. Meets the University Writing Requirement for majors in Geoscience. Previous course GEOS 457 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 301 or departmental approval.

EAES404: Field Geology (4 hours lecture, 6 hours lab)

Application of geologic principles to field mapping and interpretation in the North Central Applachians, Rocky Mountains, and/or regional geology of another designated area. Map production and writing field reports will be emphasized. This is an intensive summer field course. Previous course GEOS 480 effective through Spring 2012. 6 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 302, EAES 320 and EAES 441; or departmental approval.

EAES441: Stratigraphy (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Stratigraphic principles and their application. Case studies of selected regions. Local stratigraphy interpreted through field studies. Meets the University Writing Requirement for majors in Geoscience. Previous course GEOS 434 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 302, EAES 340 or EAES 342.

EAES454: Human Impact on the Coastal Zone

A study of man's economic, political, legal and social impacts on the physical and biological aspects of the coastal zone, primarily a field course with supporting lectures and discussion. Previous course GEOS 403 effective through Spring 2012. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 350, PHMS 350, AQUA 351, EAES 451, EAES 452 or departmental approval.

EAES470: The Geology of New Jersey (2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

The physical features of New Jersey and their origin, geologic history, stratigraphy, palebiology, mineralogy, structural geology, economic geology. Required field trips. Previous course GEOS 410 effective through Spring 2012. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: EAES 302, EAES 320 or EAES 441.

EAES494: Independent Study in Geoscience

An opportunity for the qualified student to do library and/or laboratory investigation in a field of science of his/her choice under the guidance of a faculty member. The course is conducted exclusively by scheduled individual conferences and reports. (Offered on demand.) May be repeated three times for a maximum of 10.0 credits. Previous course GEOS 495 effective through Spring 2012. 1 - 4 sh.

Prerequisites: Departmental approval.

EAES498: Seminar in Geoscience (2 hours seminar)

Student field, laboratory and library investigation of a problem in the area of his/her interest in geoscience; results presented in oral and written form. Class discussion of the individual papers and of other pertinent topics of current interest in geoscience. (Not offered every year.) Previous course GEOS 490 effective through Spring 2012. 2 sh.

Prerequisites: Departmental approval.

EAES499: Selected Topics in Earth & Environmental Studies

An in-depth study of a particular topic in geoscience, the specific subject matter of which is not offered regularly in an existing course. May be repeated three times for a maximum of 10.0 credits as long as the topic is different. Previous course GEOS 494 effective through Spring 2012. 1 - 4 sh.

Prerequisites: Departmental approval.

MATH112: Precalculus Mathematics (3 hours lecture)

Binomial theorem, relations and functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, right triangle trigonometry, circular functions. 3 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 100 or placement through the Montclair State University Placement Test (MSUPT) or a satisfactory score on department's Precalculus Readiness Test. (Students who did not satisfy the course prerequisite at MSU and students who received a grade of D-, D, or D+ in the prerequisite course taken at MSU are required to demonstrate competency on the department's Precalculus Readiness Test.)

MATH116: Calculus A (4 hours lecture)

Differentiation and integration of functions, including trigonometric functions. Applications to biology and geoscience. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 111 or MATH 112 or placement through the Montclair State University Placement Test (MSUPT) or a satisfactory score on department's Calculus Readiness Test. (Students who did not satisfy the course prerequisite at MSU and students who received a grade of D-, D, or D+ in the prerequisite course taken at MSU are required to demonstrate competency on the department's Calculus Readiness Test.)

MATH122: Calculus I (4 hours lecture)

Limits, continuity; derivative and differentiation; applications of the derivative, maxima, minima, and extreme considerations; antiderivatives; Riemann integral. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 111 or MATH 112 or placement through the Montclair State University Placement Test (MSUPT) or a satisfactory score on department's Calculus Readiness Test. (Students who did not satisfy the course prerequisite at MSU and students who received a grade of D-, D, or D+ in the prerequisite course taken at MSU are required to demonstrate competency on the department's Calculus Readiness Test.)

MATH221: Calculus II (4 hours lecture)

Riemann integral applications, transcendental functions, techniques of integration, improper integrals, L'Hospital's rule, infinite series. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 122.

PHYS180: Descriptive Astronomy (3 hours lecture)

For the general student -- a discussion of our place in the universe from ancient ideas to modern data on the moon, planets, comets, stars, galaxies and quasars. The formation and evolution of planets, stars, black holes and the universe as a whole reveal our place in time. 3 sh.

PHYS191: University Physics I (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

This one-semester calculus-based course including laboratory is a study of the principles of physics and some applications to society's problems. Topics covered include mechanics, thermodynamics, fluids, and harmonic motion. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 122 is prerequisite or co-requisite.

PHYS192: University Physics II (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Calculus-based course. Study of some principles of physics and some applications to society's problems. Topics include: wave motion, sound and noise pollution, optics, electricity, lasers, nuclear theory, radiation, nuclear reactors, waste disposal. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 221 is prerequisite or corequisite.

PHYS193: College Physics I (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

This one-semester course including laboratory is a study of the principles and applications of classical physics. Topics covered include mechanics, heat and thermodynamics, wave motion and sound, as well as societal applications of physical principles. Calculus is not used, but familiarity with some algebra and trigonometry is required. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: MATH 100.

PHYS194: College Physics II (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

This one-semester course including laboratory is a study of the principles and applications of classical physics. Topics covered include optics, electricity and magnetism, and an introduction to modern and nuclear physics, as well as societal applications of physical principles. Calculus is not used, but familiarity with some algebra and trigonometry is required. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: PHYS 193 and MATH 100 or MATH 111 or MATH 112.

PHYS280: Astronomy (3 hours lecture, 2 hours lab)

Application of physical laws to the earth as a planet; nature of the other planets; orbital motion and space flight; origin of the solar system; the birth, life and death of a star galactic structure; and cosmology. Meets the University Writing Requirement for majors in Physics. 4 sh.

Prerequisites: PHYS 191, 192 or PHYS 193, 194.