Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions about students conduct and University discipline procedures are provided below for students.  If you have other questions about student conduct or University policy, please contact the Director of Student Conduct at x4118.

If I am facing criminal charges for an incident, do I also have to go through the University's conduct and discipline process?
Yes. The purpose of the University's campus conduct process is to determine if a violation of the University Code of Conduct has occurred and to determine what consequences are appropriate. Students have a relationship with the University that is different from their responsibilities as citizens of the larger Montclair and New Jersey communities. Therefore, if a student's behavior violates local or state laws, he or she will also face adjudication in the appropriate court system. The court system will determine whether laws have been breeched. Because the campus conduct system is distinct from the courts, students should keep in mind that the University may pursue or enforce disciplinary action even if criminal charges are reduced or dismissed. This is because University hearings are internal processes meant to serve an educational rather than a punitive purpose and because they deal with the University's Code of Conduct.

Can I bring a lawyer to my hearing?
The University's procedures allow students to bring a University Advocate to any type of hearing, but an attorney may only come to a University Panel Hearing. However, students are expected to speak for themselves at hearings. Attorneys are permitted to communicate at hearings only with the individuals they represent and may not speak on behalf of a student or address the hearing body.

How does my discipline history influence my status as a student, or future cases in which I might be involved?
Your discipline history will not influence a Conduct Officer or Hearing Panel's decision regarding your responsibility. That decision is made on a preponderance of the evidence related to the case at hand. Your history of prior violations, however, does affect your sanctions. Sanctions are cumulative, so if you have a disciplinary history at the time of the incident, you can expect more severe sanctions.

If I receive a notice and decide not to attend the meeting, can a decision still be made against me?
Yes. The University’s procedures allows for notices to be sent to your University Email account and the notice provides the alleged violations and gives the student the opportunity to discuss the incident with a Conduct Officer at a Conduct Conference Meeting. If a student chooses not to schedule a meeting then the Conduct Officer will make a decision based solely on the information that they have in the given reports.

What is the level of evidence used in the University’s conduct process.
The University uses the preponderance of evidence or “more likely than not” in determining all conduct matters.

What are sanctions?
A sanction represents the consequences a student faces for violating the University's Code of Conduct. Sanctions are intended to educate students about their responsibilities to themselves and to others as well as help them understand and critically reflect on the effects of their behaviors. In this way, sanctions reinforce the community standards that protect the rights and responsibilities of all Montclair State University students. Sanctions range from University Warning to University Expulsion.

I do not think my sanctions are necessary, so do I have to do them?
Yes. If you do not complete your sanctions satisfactorily, or by the deadline indicated in your outcome letter, you will be subject to additional disciplinary action. Depending on the sanctions issued, you may be issued additional stipulations or restrictions like having holds placed on your account, and/or you may be given more severe sanctioning that could include University Probation, University Suspension or University Expulsion. Students should keep in mind these are examples of the potential disciplinary action that may be taken if a student does not complete his or her sanctions.

What can I do if I do not agree with the disciplinary action that was taken against me?
Students may appeal a Conduct Officer or Hearing Panel's decision if they believe one of the following conditions exists:

  1. There was substantial and prejudicial failure to follow procedures.
  2. The student can provide evidence that the sanction was unduly severe.
  3. The student has additional evidence that was not available at the time of the hearing.

Additional information about filing an appeal is published in the University Code of Conduct.