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Service and Support Animal Policy

This document is available for download in PDF and Microsoft Word format. These downloadable documents contain forms for you to fill out and submit. If you are unable to fill out these forms due to your disability please contact us.

Definitions

Service animals

A service animal is a dog* that is individually and specially trained to perform specific work or a specific task for the direct benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric intellectual, or other mental disability.  This work must be directly related to the disability.  Such work would include, but is not limited to:

  • Guiding individuals who are blind or visually impaired
  • Alerting individuals with hearing impairments to the presence of sound
  • Pulling a wheelchair and/or pushing elevator buttons
  • Retrieving objects or fetching dropped objects for those with physical disabilities
  • Alerting the onset or assisting an individual in the event of seizure
  • Providing balance and stability to an individual who cannot ambulate independently
  • Preventing or interrupting impulsive or destructive behavior for those with psychological/and or neurological conditions.

If a dog meets this definition, it is considered a service animal regardless of whether it has been licensed or certified by a state or local government or training program.  Providing comfort, support, or companionship is not considered work or service for the purpose of this definition.

Service animals may accompany people with disabilities to all areas of the University where the public is allowed.  This would include residence halls, classrooms, and dining facilities.

Emotional Support Animals

An emotional support animal is one who is playing a part in the treatment and/or recovery of an individual with a disability.  An emotional support animal is prescribed or recommended by a physician or mental health professional for that individual to assist in alleviating the symptoms of the disability.  Unlike a service animal, an emotional support animal must not necessarily be a dog, nor must it assist with daily life activities. Emotional support animals may:

  • Provide companionship
  • Relieve loneliness and isolation
  • Help with depression, anxiety and phobias.

An emotional support animal may not accompany an individual into places where animals, other than service animals, are prohibited, but must be considered for access to university housing facilities.

*If you have questions regarding ADA regulations concerning service animals other than dogs, please contact the Disability Resource Center.

Documentation Guidelines

Any student who wishes to bring a service or emotional support animal to Montclair State University must register with the Disability Resource Center. (Webster Hall 100, Phone – 973-655-5431)  Documentation that the individual is a person with a disability, and that the presence of the animal is a reasonable and appropriate accommodation must be provided from an appropriate medical clinician.  No inquiries can or will be made regarding the training or certification of the animal in compliance with federal law.

Responsibility of Persons with Service or Emotional Support Animals

Care and Supervision:  Care and supervision of the animal are the responsibility of the individual who benefits from the animal’s use.  The handler must commit to providing proper care of the animal, which includes, feeding, fresh water, exercise and rest.  The handler is required to maintain control of the animal at all times. The animal must be on a leash, harness, or other tether when in public places, unless doing so would inhibit the animal’s ability to be of service.  The handler is also responsible for maintaining a clean living environment for the animal, ensuring the cleanup of the animal’s waste and, when appropriate, must toilet the animal in areas designed by the University consistent with the reasonable capacity of the owner.  Owners of service and emotional/support animals are responsible for their care in the residence halls at all times.  If at any point, the owner cannot care for the animal, as in the case of illness or hospitalization, an emergency contact must be on file with the Disability Resource Center and the Office of Residence Life, so the animal can be released to the care of the designated party.

Health and Vaccination:  In accordance with local ordinances and regulations, the animal must be immunized against diseases common to that type of animal.  For example, dogs must have current vaccination against rabies and distemper.  Cats must have the normal shots required for licensure.    Animals, other than cats and dogs, living in University housing must have an annual clean bill of health from a licensed veterinarian.  Documentation can be a vaccination certificate for the animal and/or a veterinarian’s statement regarding the animal’s health.  The University has the authority to direct that the animal receive veterinary attention.  The animal must be kept clean and free of fleas and other parasites.

Licensing:  All Licensing laws must be followed in accordance with the town in which the student maintains permanent residency.  If the animal is not licensed in the state of New Jersey, the owner must apply for a license within the municipality in which he/she resides on-campus.  Dogs must wear license tags at all times.  The tags verify that the shots (rabies, etc.) required by law have been given.

Damage: Owners of service or emotional support animals are solely responsible for any injury to others or damage to University property caused by their animals.

Removal of Service or Emotional Support Animals

The University may exclude/remove a service animal when

  • It poses a direct threat to the health or safety of others by being unruly, disruptive or aggressive
  • the animal is not housebroken
  • the animal is objectively determined to be incapable of performing appropriate and disability-related work or tasks for the handler
  • the animal is ill
  • the animal is destructive

Areas Off Limits to Service Animals

The University may prohibit the use of service animals in certain locations due to health and safety restrictions   Restricted areas may include, but are not limited to, the following areas, food preparation areas (with the exception of those in private residences), facility equipment rooms, research laboratories, classrooms with research/demonstration animals, areas where protective clothing is necessary, rooms with heavy machinery and or any area that may pose an environment risk to the health or safety of the animal.

Exceptions to restricted areas may be recommended on a case-by-case basis by contacting the Disability Resource Center, however, the person directing the restricted area has the final decision.

Conflicting Disabilities

Residence Life personnel will make a reasonable effort to notify tenants in the residence building where the animal will be located of the existence of a service or emotional support animal.  Students with medical conditions that are affected by animals (respiratory diseases, asthma, severe allergies) are asked to contact the Disability Resource Center if they have a health or safety related concern about exposure to a service or emotional support animal.  The individual will be asked to provide medical documentation that identifies the condition(s), and will allow determination to be made as to whether the condition is disabling and whether there is a need for an accommodation. Residence Life staff will resolve any conflict in a timely manner. Staff members will consider the conflicting needs and/or accommodations of all persons involved.