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Elaine Hitchcock

Associate Professor, Communication Sciences and Disorders

1515 Broad Street 2174
B.A., Montclair State University
M.A., Montclair State University
Ph.D., New York University
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Elaine Russo Hitchcock is an associate professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Montclair State University. Dr. Hitchcock is a certified speech-language pathologist with over 20 years of clinical experience working with multiple clinical populations including many individuals with speech sound disorders, motor speech disorders, and voice disorders. At the Montclair State University-Clinical Biofeedback Lab, she conducts research investigating the effectiveness of visual biofeedback techniques, including ultrasound, visual-acoustic and electropalatographic (EPG) biofeedback, as a form of intervention for individuals with communication disorders. Dr. Hitchcock uses biofeedback to help individuals visualize subtle or unconscious speech processes with the goal of bringing them under conscious control. To date, Dr. Hitchcock and her team have successfully used visual biofeedback for treating speech sound disorders, motor speech disorders, accent reduction and voice disorders. Several research projects in the Clinical Biofeedback Lab are funded by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disordersis. If you are interested in learning more about Dr. Hitchcock’s research, please visit the MSU-CBL website at

Selected Publications:

Hitchcock, E.R., Cabbage, K., Swartz, M., & Carrell, T. (2020). Measuring speech perception using the Wide Range Acoustic Accuracy Scale: Preliminary findings. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups.

McAllister, T., Hitchcock, E. R., & Ortiz, J. (revised and resubmitted). Computer-assisted challenge point intervention for residual speech errors. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction. DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/95ASZ

Hitchcock, E.R., Swartz, M.T., & Lopez, M. (2019). Speech sound disorder and visual biofeedback intervention: A preliminary investigation of treatment intensity. Seminars in Speech and Language, 40(2), 124-137.

Hitchcock, E.R., McAllister Byun, T., Swartz, M., & Lazarus, R. (2017). Efficacy of electropalatography for treating misarticulation of /r/. American Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 1-18.

McAllister Byun, T., Hitchcock, E.R., & Ferron, J. (2017). Masked visual analysis: Minimizing type I error in visually guided single-case design for communication disorders. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 1-12.

Campbell, H., Harel, D., Hitchcock, E.R., & McAllister Byun, T. (2017). Selecting an acoustic correlate for automated measurement of American English rhotic production in children. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1-9.

Harel, D., Hitchcock, E. R., Ortiz, J., Szeredi, D., & McAllister Byun, T. (2016). Finding the experts in the crowd: Validity and reliability of crowdsourced measures of child covert contrasts. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 1-14.

McAllister Byun T, Hitchcock E.R., & Harel, D. (2015) Validating and optimizing a crowdsourced method for gradient measures of child speech. Conference paper: Interspeech 2015.

Hitchcock, E.R., McAllister, Byun, T., & Harel, D. (2015). Social, emotional, and academic impact of residual speech errors in school-age children: A survey study. Seminars in Speech and Language Seminars in Speech and Language, 36(4), 283-294.

Hitchcock, E.R., & Koenig, L.L. (2015). Longitudinal observations of typical English voicing acquisition in a 2 year-old child: Stability of the contrast and considerations for clinical assessment. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 29(12), 955-976.

Hitchcock, E.R., & McAllister Byun, T. (2014). Enhancing generalisation in biofeedback intervention using the challenge point framework: A case study. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 29(1), 59-75.

Byun, T. M., Hitchcock, E.R., & Swartz, M. T. (2014). Retroflex versus bunched in treatment for rhotic misarticulation: Evidence from ultrasound biofeedback intervention. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 57(6), 2116-2130.

Hitchcock , E.R., & Koenig, L. L. (2013). The effects of data reduction in determining the schedule of voicing acquisition in young children. Journal of Speech Language Hearing Research, 56, 441-457.

McAllister Byun, T., & Hitchcock, E.R. (2012). Investigating the use of traditional and spectral biofeedback approaches to intervention for /r/ misarticulation. American Journal of Speech-Language-Pathology, 21, 207-221.

Eisenberg, S., & Hitchcock, E.R. (2010). Using standardized tests to inventory consonant and vowel production: A comparison of 11 tests of articulation and phonology Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 41, 488-503.

LaBagnara, J., Hitchcock, E.R., & Spitzer, T. (1999). Rhabdomyoma of the true vocal fold. Journal of Voice, 13(2), 289-293.


Assessment and treatment of speech and voice disorders specializing in the use of biofeedback-enhanced intervention techniques.

Courses Taught:

CSND 512 Diagnosis in Speech Language Pathology
CSND 515 Voice Disorders
CSND 534 Speech and Hearing Science
CSND 595 Applying Research to Clinical Practice in Speech-Language Pathology I
CSND 596 Applying Research to Clinical Practice in Speech-Language Pathology II
CSND 835 Practicum in University Teaching
CSND 850, 851, 852 Directed Research I, II, III