Pests in the Forest

insects swarming a leaf

Caterpillars have devoured several leaves on this tree and are working on the next leaf.

leaf eaten by insects

Holes in the middle and also along the edges of this leaf indicate the possibility of 2 different types of pests attacking these leaves.

leaf eaten partially by an insect

Insect damage seen around the edges of these leaves.

insects on leaves

Leaf galls

insects on a plant

New, more toxic leaf growth is shown as more red than the other plant leaves. Increased toxicity is an adaptation to discourage pests from eating the young, tender leaves.