howler monkey eating in a tree


Category: Australia

Root Adaptations

I saw several root adaptations in both Panamanian and Australian tropical rainforests that were similar.

Plants and Pests: the Basis of Diversity

Pests keep plant species in check.

Foundation of the Food Web

Only 20% of the original rainforest remains and only 2% of what remains is pristine (Jonathan Munro, pers. comm.), so most of the rainforests I visited were not completely original, but were in various stages of restoration.

Journey to the Land of Marsupials: Pouched Mammals of Australia

Marsupials are mammals: they have fur, bear live young rather than laying eggs, feed their young with mother’s milk from a nipple, and show quite a bit of parental care – sometimes for longer than a year.


Symbiosis is defined as a close living association of two or more organisms from different species.

A Complete Ecosystem in the Pacific Ocean

From Newark Airport on a Sunday afternoon, to Cairns, northeastern Australia on a Tuesday. Yes, how bizarre.