Research Ethics

Modern efforts to protect individuals who participate in research projects began with the Nuremberg Code . This code was developed to serve as a standard for use during the Nuremberg Trials to judge the human experimentation by the Nazis. From that time, there were several other examples of atrocities that led to development of the Declaration of Helsinki in 1964 and later the Belmont Report in 1979.

These atrocities and the concerns that arose from them prompted the federal government to take action to protect individuals who serve as participants in research studies. In 1971, the federal government (then the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) began to create the Institutional Review Board (IRB) system.

This system was designed to protect individuals by authorizing institutions to create IRBs to review all research proposals that are done under its auspices. As such, the MSU IRB is authorized and charged with reviewing all research proposals that use human participants. This is true whether the project will be funded or not.

Selected ethics websites

Ethics and Bioethics: Academic and Educational Sites

Professional organizations

Organization

Website

 Category

Academy of Management:

Code of Ethical Conduct

(SS)

ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Task Force

Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice (Version 5.2)

(NS)

American Anthropological Association

Code of Ethics

(SS)

American Association for the Advancement of Science has no formal code of ethics

AAAS Scientific Freedom, Responsibility and Law Program

(NS, SS)

American Association of Petroleum Geologists

Code of Ethics

(NS)

American Association of School Administrators

Statement of Ethics for School Administrators

(SS)

American Association of University Professors

Statement on Professional Ethics

(H, SS, NS)

American Chemical Society

Professional Employment Guidelines

(NS)

American College of Forensic Examiners International

Principles of Professional Practice

(NS)

American Counseling Association

Code of Ethics

(SS)

American Educational Research Association

Ethical Standards

(SS)

American Historical Association

Statement on Standards of Professional Conduct

(H)

American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works

Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice

(H)

American Library Association

Code of Ethics

(H)

American Mathematical Society

Ethical Guidelines

(NS)

American Medical Association

Code of Medical Ethics

(SS)

American Nurses Association

Code of Ethics

(SS)

American Physical Society

Ethics and Values Statements

(NS)

American Psychological Association

Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct

(SS)

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Code of Ethics

(NS)

American Society for Information Science and Technology

Professional Guidelines

(NS)

American Society of Newspaper Editors

ASNE Statement of Principles

(H)

American Sociological Association

Code of Ethics

(SS)

American Statistical Association

Ethical Guidelines for Statistical Practice

(SS, NS)

Association for Computing Machinery

Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct

(NS)

Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at the Illinois Institute of Technology

Codes of Ethics Online

(H, SS, NS)

Ecological Society of America

Code of Ethics

(NS)

International Bar Association

International Code of Ethics

(SS)

International Council of Nurses

ICN Code of Ethics

(SS)

Music Teachers National Association

Code of Ethics

(H)

National Association of Social Workers

Code of Ethics

(SS)

Oral History Association

Principles and Standards

(H, SS)

Professional Photographers of America

Code of Ethics

(H)

Register of Professional Archaeologists

Code of Conduct and Standard of Research Performance

(SS)

Society of American Archivists

A Code for Archivists with Commentary

(H)

Society of American Business Editors and Writers, Inc.

Code of Ethics

(H, SS)

Society of Professional Journalists

Code of Ethics

(H)

World Medical Association

Ethics site

 

(H) = Humanities
(SS) = Social Sciences
(NS) = Natural Sciences