Adapted for Broadway in 1978 by the legendary Stephen Schwartz, Working is a musical based on Studs Terkel’s book, Working: People Talk About What They Do All Day and How They Feel About What They Do, first published in 1974.
With its vignettes of individual workers’ toil – from farming to waitressing to welding – the show is almost ideally suited for a hybrid production, one that could be rehearsed and recorded via Zoom or, for some musical numbers, in outdoor and/or socially distanced or masked groups.
“We adopted protocols for the pandemic into the design and the blocking of our show,” says Peter Flynn, associate professor of Theatre and Dance. “So everybody, unless they’re shooting remotely, unless they’re on Zoom or everybody’s in a mask, everybody stays socially distant. There are even some characters, because of the jobs that they are representing onstage, who wear masks and gloves.”
Working’s tales of the trials and tribulations of everyday workers also made it the perfect theatrical vehicle for addressing the plight of essential laborers during the pandemic. Flynn worked with his associate director, Chanel Johnson ’20, to update the musical, with the blessing of Schwartz.
“We formulated questions and put out an email to our entire Musical Theatre student body and said, ‘Whether you’re involved in the show or not, we’d like to interview any family members that have been directly affected by quarantine or by the pandemic.’ And we got a flurry of emails back.”
As a result, Flynn explains, “We interviewed a teacher, three business owners, a pilot and a physician’s assistant.” Then Flynn and Johnson turned each of those interviews into a monologue using a fictional name for the character.
At the same time, Flynn began coordinating with School of Communication and Media Professor Stuart MacLelland on the project, which proved rewarding for students in both programs.
“It’s a huge success story,” says MacLelland, who enlisted students from his Advanced Television Production and Television Production Company classes.
“Most of the time, I give my students an assignment to find acts or talent. But we weren’t going to be able to put 20 people in our studio and control rooms, so I started looking around for content.”
The John J. Cali School of Music and the Department of Theatre and Dance presented great opportunities. Besides filming a Kasser main stage production of A Chorus Line using robotic cameras and the University Singers performing Ain’t No Grave in the Amphitheater, MacLelland and his students went to work on Working.
“It’s been a really good partnership,” says MacLelland. “Montclair State has always been great at broadcast journalism and documentary.” Working with the Cali School and musical theatre, however, represents “a whole new world” for Television Production students. “When they are watching the rehearsal process and see that side of show business, we’re providing the broadest foundation for any kind of media arts and performance, making them more dimensional and marketable.”
The University company for Working, which was routinely tested for COVID-19, shot scenes all over campus before needing to postpone production because of a positive COVID-19 test among the group in early November: A number called “Cleanin’ Women” was shot in the News Lab in the School of Communication and Media. “The Mason” was shot in the Amphitheater.
Major production numbers that open and close the show were rescheduled for filming in the spring semester – when Flynn and MacLelland felt it was safe to resume with the full cast and everyone in the company was cleared according to the University’s COVID-19 protocols. “It’s An Art,” about a waitress, was shot in the Red Hawk Diner in late February.
Other scenes were recorded using Zoom or with green screens.
“It’s been very weird doing a show during COVID,” says Johnson, who graduated in December. “Luckily, we’ve been able to have a lot of one-on-one time with the actors in person and over Zoom during the process. Zoom rehearsals have proven incredibly effective. We can meet as a full company or have five different breakout rooms rehearsing at the same time.”
Having to always think about social distancing and other COVID-19 safety measures made everything more difficult, Johnson says. “But we were able to create a show in the middle of a global pandemic, which I think is pretty spectacular,” says Johnson, who gives credit to MacLelland and his students: “They’ve been really incredible throughout all of this. Major props to them for all the hard work they put into this show!”
Flynn, for one, is excited to share the “six-month labor of love” with the world: “For the very first time in a production of Working, there will be monologues about people who do their jobs during a pandemic.”
“Most theatre programs in the country have chosen not to do shows during COVID-19,” says Judith Evans, costume shop supervisor for the Department of Theatre and Dance, “but Montclair State is producing creatively” – and safely.
Working will debut at the Department of Theatre and Dance Virtual Festival, an online portal that allows performance and presentation opportunities for dance, theater, musical theater and other students and provides every audience member a front row seat to spectacular pre-recorded shows available for streaming.
Story by Staff Writer Mary Barr Mann